ID Organization Name Type
104759 woa Other
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  • 8/15/2016


    Please print the WOA Study Guide prior to taking the test. You can use the study guide to track the questions on your test, as well as track the question number.

    If you forget to use the study guide, you can view your responses by accessing the test control panel.

  • 8/15/2016

    In the sports officiating world, where you are usually working with more than one person, developing trust with partners is a continual process. Each successive higher level affording an easier transition, which should result in it being easier and quicker to earn and build trust. Understanding how to earn trust and how to learn to trust fellow officials is a challenge for an official on the rise.

  • 12/12/2015

    There are a lot of things I know now that I wish I had known when I started officiating. One area involves my relations with players and coaches. Back then (early ‘70s), I was often too confrontational and took too much of a hard-nosed approach in dealing with them. I had swallowed the Kool-Aid that one got at professional baseball umpiring schools, one of which I attended in 1973. Players and coaches were called “rats” and were seen as the enemy, and I carries that over to football officiating. It was my way or the highway, as I wasn’t above letting people know, maybe from the middle of the football field and at the top decibel level. Add to that a stern look (some would say mad) and it’s a wonder I wasn’t involved in a war on a regular basis.

  • 10/9/2015

    Eight minutes remain in the third quarter of a football game. Not a cloud in the sky to save you from the scorching sun. You are starting to think you should have spent more time preparing your body during the offseason.

    Here are five training methods I use to help prepare myself for the upcoming season.

  • 8/25/2015

    The job description or work category that best fits most officials is “independent contractor.” The association with officiating organizations and local boards to which I belong mandate that status so as not to have to become employers. Different federal, state and local regulations come into play that must be followed when dealing with employees. From the college ranks on down to the pee wees, sports officials work as independent contractors or sole proprietors to the officiating organizations they support.

  • 7/26/2015

    Every game – whether it’s a youth contest or an NCAA postseason game – matters to the players. So it’s important we bring our best to every game. Making that a reality is easier said than done, however. Those who strive to excel in officiating are truly professionals. What sets them apart? How do they maintain focus and concentration when the circumstances are pulling them in the opposite direction?

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